How is melasma treated?


Melasma is a common skin ailment in which brown spots appear on the face, forearms, and neck in addition to other parts of the body. Melasma is not a serious illness, but it can affect a person’s appearance and mental state. So, how can melasma be treated effectively?

Skin pigmentation causes Currently, doctors do not know what exactly causes melasma. It can occur when the skin’s cells that produce color produce too much color. Melasma can happen to anyone, but young women are more likely to get it. This illness is frequently related to the feminine hormones progesterone and oestrogen. Melasma is more likely to affect you if you belong to the group of women who:

Consume contraceptives. Get treatment with hormone replacement. Melasma typically appears in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. Being out in the sun for a long time and time and again likewise jeopardises you for this condition. Melasma is normal in those living in heat and humidity. Melasma is also more common in people who have darker skin.

How can melasma be diagnosed?

Dermatologists can easily diagnose melasma by simply looking at the patient’s skin in the majority of cases. Alternatively, your doctor may conduct a more in-depth skin examination with a special ultraviolet light source known as a wood lamp. For a biopsy, your doctor may occasionally take a very small piece of your skin. 

How to treat melasma

Melasma doesn’t always need to be treated. Melasma will go away after the baby is born or when the medication is stopped if the melasma is caused by hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or while taking birth control pills.

Melasma can last for years or even a lifetime for some people. You can seek treatment to help remove or fade the patches of melasma if it does not fade over time.

But not all treatments work for everyone, and even after successful treatment, melasma can come back.

Melasma treatment options include:

Hydroquinone: Hydroquinone is a common first-line treatment for melasma. Hydroquinone is available as a gel, cream, or lotion, and it can be applied directly to skin patches that are discolored to lighten them. Hydroquinone can be purchased over the counter, but a stronger cream can also be prescribed by your doctor.

tretinoin and corticosteroids: Corticosteroids and tretinoin are available as gels, creams, or lotions. Tretinoin and corticosteroids both can lighten dark spots.

Creams that combine hydroquinone, corticosteroids and tretinoin in one product may be prescribed by dermatologists in some instances.

Tri luma cream: Use Tri-Luma Cream according to your doctor’s dosage and timing recommendations. Hands should be washed before using this medication. Before using, it is important to review the label for instructions. Only outside parties may utilize it. Tri luma cream for the treatment of Melasma.

A dermatologist may also recommend kojic acid or azelaic acid as topical medications to use in addition to or in place of other creams. The skin’s dark patches are lightened by these acids.

Medical techniques The dermatologist can instruct the patient to perform the following procedures if topical medications do not work:

There are several methods for treating acne-prone skin, including laser therapy, light therapy, dermabrasion, and microdermabrasion. Nevertheless, several of these treatments have negative side effects or have the potential to exacerbate current difficulties. As a result, it’s best to discuss the risks with your doctor or dermatologist before attempting any of the aforementioned melasma treatments.

If you have previously had melasma, try to stay away from the following things:

Normal melasma, also known as hormonal melasma, is not dangerous to health and does not endanger life, but it has a significant impact on facial aesthetics, making those who have it, especially women, feel inferior. Melasma is straightforward to treat assuming you pick the right treatment strategy and appropriately deal with your skin.

Laser treatment, light therapy, dermabrasion, and microdermabrasion are all options for treating acne-prone skin. However, some of these treatments have negative side effects or have the potential to exacerbate existing issues. As a result, before trying any of the aforementioned melasma treatments, it’s best to talk to your doctor or dermatologist about the risks involved.

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